Future Technology

Pentagon Conducts Real-World Flight Tests of AI Dogfighting Against Human F-16 Pilot
Future Technology

Pentagon Conducts Real-World Flight Tests of AI Dogfighting Against Human F-16 Pilot

By José Carlos Palma* In a groundbreaking demonstration of artificial intelligence (AI) capabilities, the Pentagon, in collaboration with the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Air Force, has conducted flight tests of autonomous fighter jets engaged in dogfighting against a human F-16 pilot. These tests, conducted as part of DARPA's Air Combat Evolution (ACE) program, represent a significant leap forward in the integration of AI into combat operations. AlphaDogFight Trials and the ACE Program The journey to these real-world flight tests began with DARPA's AlphaDogFight Trials, where algorithms emerged undefeated in simulated battles against military aviators. Building on this success, the ACE program utilized a modified F-16, known ...
Geopolitical risk: raw materials and technological dependence
Future Technology, Technology and Innovation

Geopolitical risk: raw materials and technological dependence

By *Raquel Jorge Ricart Raw materials are the great overlooked in the global technological competition. In 1992 the father of China’s economic revolution, Deng Xiaoping, said that ‘the Middle East has the oil, but China has the rare earths’. Rare earths, and critical raw materials in general, have been the great forgotten commodities in the geopolitical competition of recent years, which has largely focused on which country dominates certain technologies –artificial intelligence, semiconductors and so many others– and not so much on what means were necessary to achieve dominance. China controls 36.7% of global rare earth reserves. Brazil and Vietnam, the next countries on the list, together stockpile as much as China does alone (18.3% each). They are followed by Russia, with 10% of ...