Regions

Unveiling the Submerged Symphony: The Strategic Significance of the U.S. Navy’s 2010 Submarine Surfacing Near China
Geopolitics and International Security, Asia

Unveiling the Submerged Symphony: The Strategic Significance of the U.S. Navy’s 2010 Submarine Surfacing Near China

Photo: U.S. Navy Ohio Class Submarine By José Carlos Palma* In the annals of geopolitical maneuvering, the year 2010 stands as a pivotal moment when the United States, under the Obama Administration, orchestrated a compelling and strategic demonstration of maritime dominance. The scene was set in the Indo-Pacific region, where tensions were simmering, and China's ascent as a formidable power was becoming increasingly evident. Contextualizing the Era The early 2010s were marked by a whirlwind of global events, from the signing of the technocratic Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (Obamacare) to populist uprisings worldwide. Amidst this backdrop, China emerged as a focal point, signaling its potential to become a regional hegemon in Northeast Asia, challenging the longstan...
Iran’s Strategic Missile Strikes Escalate Regional Tensions: Targets Include Syria, Iraq, and Pakistan
Middle East, Geopolitics and International Security, Study Office

Iran’s Strategic Missile Strikes Escalate Regional Tensions: Targets Include Syria, Iraq, and Pakistan

By José Carlos Palma* Date: 29 January 2024 In a series of coordinated missile attacks, Iran has escalated its regional conflict by targeting strategic positions in Syria, Iraq, and Pakistan. The missile strikes, which began as responses to perceived threats from these nations, have added fuel to an already tense geopolitical landscape. Syrian Retaliation for Suicide Bombings: Iran's attack on Syria comes in the aftermath of devastating suicide bombings in Kerman, Iran, claiming nearly 100 lives. Syria, under President Bashar al-Assad, has been a key ally for Iran in the fight against the Islamic State (ISIS). The Iranian response underscores its commitment to defending its interests and supporting its regional allies. Erbil Struck Amidst Israel-Iran Tensions:...
Assessing the Military Situation in the Horn of Africa: A Complex Geopolitical Landscape
Africa, Geopolitics and International Security, Regions

Assessing the Military Situation in the Horn of Africa: A Complex Geopolitical Landscape

By José Carlos Palma* The Horn of Africa, a strategic region at the intersection of Africa, Asia, and the Middle East, has long been a hotbed of conflict and instability. Recent years have seen a resurgence of violence in the region, with several countries grappling with armed insurgencies, territorial disputes, and political unrest. Ethiopian Civil War: A Prolonged and Devastating Conflict The epicenter of the current crisis lies in Ethiopia, where a civil war has raged for over two years between the government of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF). The conflict has caused widespread devastation, displacing millions of people and triggering a humanitarian crisis. In recent months, the TPLF has made significant gains in the northern Ti...
Neo-Fascist Salute Raises Alarms: Calls for Disbandment and Political Fallout in Italy
Europe

Neo-Fascist Salute Raises Alarms: Calls for Disbandment and Political Fallout in Italy

By ISSG Staff ROME, Italy — Italy has been thrust into a state of shock and outrage as a video emerged, revealing a group of individuals engaging in a neo-fascist salute during a political rally. The incident has sparked widespread condemnation, with calls for the disbandment of neo-fascist organizations and concerns about the country's political landscape. The video captures a disturbing scene where participants, dressed in black, stand in unison while performing the fascist salute. This display, reminiscent of Italy's dark history under Benito Mussolini, has raised deep concerns about the resurgence of far-right ideologies in the country. Francesco Vezzoli, a prominent Italian contemporary artist, expressed his distress, stating, "You see them all moving as one, and that’s very up...
Navigating Governance Challenges in Postwar Gaza: Strengthening the Palestinian Authority
Middle East, Geopolitics and International Security, Study Office

Navigating Governance Challenges in Postwar Gaza: Strengthening the Palestinian Authority

By José Carlos Palma* As the echoes of explosions and gunfire subside, the critical question of who will govern Gaza in the aftermath of the war looms large. With options limited, the Palestinian Authority (PA) emerges as a potential candidate, despite its own set of challenges. In this analysis, we explore the complexities surrounding Gaza's governance and delve into potential strategies for revitalizing the PA to play a central role in the region's stability. Current Challenges: Hamas Dilemma: Hamas, a prominent Palestinian organization, is not an acceptable option for Israel due to security concerns. Israel remains determined not to let Hamas rebuild its military capabilities, posing a significant obstacle to the group's governance in Gaza. Israeli Occupation Co...
Somalia Rejects Ethiopia-Somaliland Deal as ‘Aggression,’ Sparks Regional Tensions
Africa

Somalia Rejects Ethiopia-Somaliland Deal as ‘Aggression,’ Sparks Regional Tensions

By ISSG Staff Introduction Somalia has strongly condemned a controversial deal between Ethiopia and the breakaway state of Somaliland, labeling it as an "aggression." The move has intensified regional tensions, prompting Somalia to recall its ambassador to Ethiopia and seek international support against what it deems a "blatant assault" on its sovereignty. Background The contentious memorandum of understanding, announced in Addis Ababa, comes after recent efforts by Mogadishu to resume dialogue with Somaliland, which declared independence from Somalia in 1991. Although Somaliland operates with a degree of autonomy, seeking full statehood, it lacks international recognition, and Mogadishu vehemently opposes its secession. Details of the Deal The "historic" deal involves Ethiopian ...
Turkey’s Controversial Resettlement Policy: Demographic Shifts in Afrin, Syrian Kurdistan
Middle East, Human Rights

Turkey’s Controversial Resettlement Policy: Demographic Shifts in Afrin, Syrian Kurdistan

By ISSG Staff Introduction In a controversial move, Turkey has reportedly resettled around 10,000 Arab Palestinians in the Turkish-occupied Kurdish city of Afrin in Syrian Kurdistan (Rojava). This strategic demographic shift has significantly altered the ethnic composition of the region, diminishing the Kurdish majority and sparking concerns about the long-term consequences for the displaced population. Background Following the Turkish army's occupation of Afrin in March 2018, after a two-month conflict with Kurdish forces, a policy aimed at the Arabization of the Kurdish region was set in motion. The policy received financial support from various Arab nations, including Palestine. Demographic Changes Abdulrahman Apo, a Kurdish politician no longer residing in Afrin, revealed tha...
Saleh al-Arouri: Unraveling the Life and Impact of the Hamas Deputy Leader Killed by a Drone Strike
Middle East

Saleh al-Arouri: Unraveling the Life and Impact of the Hamas Deputy Leader Killed by a Drone Strike

By ISSG Staff In a recent drone strike in a Beirut suburb, Saleh al-Arouri, the deputy leader of the fundamentalist Hamas movement, met his demise. This targeted attack by Israel has implications not only for the ongoing conflict between Israel and Hamas but also for the broader geopolitical landscape in the Middle East. This deep-dive analysis explores the life, role, and political significance of Saleh al-Arouri within the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Life of Saleh al-Arouri Born in 1967 in Aroura, in the occupied West Bank, Saleh al-Arouri emerged as a prominent figure in the Hamas movement. His journey began in 1987 when he joined the group, eventually becoming a key player in establishing the military wing of Hamas in the Palestinian territories occupied by ...
Nippon Steel’s Strategic Move: A Deep Dive into the Acquisition of U.S. Steel
Americas, U.S. Economy

Nippon Steel’s Strategic Move: A Deep Dive into the Acquisition of U.S. Steel

By José Carlos Palma* Introduction In a transformative move, Nippon Steel, one of Japan's leading steel manufacturers, has unveiled plans to acquire U.S. Steel, a historic American steel giant with roots dating back to the early 20th century. The $14.9 billion deal signifies a significant shift in the global steel industry and raises questions about the motivations behind this strategic move. In this deep-dive analysis, we explore the intricacies of the acquisition, its potential implications, and the broader context of the steel market. The Dynamics of the Deal Nippon Steel's offer of $55 per share for U.S. Steel represents a substantial premium of 142%, eclipsing a previous bid of $35 per share. The Japanese company aims to acquire all outstanding shares through its U.S. ba...
The Escalation of Repression: Russia’s Suppression of Dissent in 2023
Russia and Eurasia

The Escalation of Repression: Russia’s Suppression of Dissent in 2023

By ISSG Staff In 2023, Russia witnessed a notable absence of mass protests and scenes of police brutality, yet behind the façade of normalcy, the Kremlin's suppression of dissent intensified, resembling the repressive systems of the post-Stalin Soviet era. President Vladimir Putin's security forces shifted their tactics from visible street repression to systematic crackdowns within pretrial detention centers, courts, and the prison system. Human rights activist Aleksandr Cherkasov of Memorial, even after being banned in Russia, expressed concern, stating, "It is a return to the repressive system of the post-Stalin period." He suggested that Putin is not merely maintaining stability but is engaged in social engineering, echoing the Soviet logic that involved suppressing one person to ...